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Parrot Reproduction Consulting

The most important target of flock- and breeding management is the establishment and/or the conservation of a reproductive flock. The aim of a breeding stock is to have reproductive pairs which produce fertile clutches. Veterinary consulting assists to keep the bird's health and their propagation. If the rate of reproduction is too low, it is necessary to find out and eliminate the reasons. Health problems (especially of the gonads), improper housing, nutrition or behavioral problems (especially in imprinted birds) are often observed between others. Another reason of infertile clutches can be, that forced paired birds are not really pair bounded and do not harmonize.

Preventative medicine, general health check, examination of fertility and a look to the history of the breeding pairs are proved tools to find the responsible reason. But in many cases, the pairs produce only infertile eggs, even with a good health status. Assisted reproduction with semen collection, semen analysis and the artificial insemination is an important tool to solve this problem.

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Semen Collection and Artificial Insemination

The aim of a breeding stock is to have reproductive pairs which produce fertile clutches and raise their chicks by themselves. That is the natural way and their natural behavior. But in many cases, the pairs produce only infertile eggs. This problem can have many reasons. Health problems (especially of the gonads), improper housing, nutrition or behavioral problems (especially in imprinted birds) are often observed between others. Another reason for infertile clutches can be, that forced paired birds are not really pair bounded and do not harmonize.

If the partners are healthy and fertile, assisted reproduction with artificial insemination can help to sort out that problem. The artificial insemination requires the presence of an adequate semen sample as well as a female in or before oviposition. If both requirements exists, an artificial insemination can be performed. The semen collection and artificial insemination of Psittacines is not as established as i.e. in falcons or poultry at this point of time, but it will become more importance in the future. Especially the highly endangered species like the Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus), different Amazon and Cockatoo species as well as rare and endangered Parakeet species can take a benefit from the technique of semen collection and artificial insemination.

At this point of time, both veterinarians- Daniel Neumann and Heiner Müller- from PARROT REPRODUCTION CONSULTING are working intensively on the further development of optimized and gentlest techniques of semen collection and artificial insemination in Psittacines / Parrots as well as in the field of conservation of semen samples. The storage of semen samples can be very interesting to use the semen sample in different locations. This is very important especially for endangered species.

PARROT REPRODUCTION CONSULTING is working together with Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation (AWWP), Qatar in the field of artificial insemination of the Spix's Macaw. In 2013, this cooperation resulted in the first successful fertilization of Spix’s Macaw eggs ever using assisted reproduction in that endangered Species. Two Chicks hatched and the first one was named “Neumann” after the veterinarian who performed these Inseminations. These worldwide recognized results are a major breakthrough in Parrot species conservation.

Due to the intensive work and research in semen collection and artificial insemination of Parrots, veterinarian Daniel Neumann is nominated as the reproduction specialist of the “Captive Program for Spix’s Macaws”.


Artificial insemination of Spix's Macaws at ALWABRA, Qatar


Here a report from the brazilian TV about our successful work in the field of reproductive medicine in the Spix's Macaw


Semen Collection

The semen collection can be performed for semen analysis and classification of fertility of the male as well as for artificial insemination.

kuenstliche-befruchtungOne of the best moments after artificial insemination is the visualization of a developing embryo

Gelbohrrabenkakadu, künstliche Befruchtung, Kakadu artificial, insemination cockatoo
The first Yellow tailed black cockatoo (Calypthorynchus funereus) resulting from artificial insemination

Sperm of a Spix’s macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii)

Spix’s Macaw artificial insemination
Spix's Macaw “Neumann”

Semen Analysis

Semen analysis can be performed macroscopic (visualization with the naked eye) and microscopic (examination using a microscope). The macroscopically examination includes assessment of contaminations (i.e. feces, uric acid and blood cells), color and consistency. The microscopic examination includes sperm concentration, motility, life-death-rate and pathomorphology. On the basis of these parameters, the fertility of the male can be classified. These results are to interpret in combination with the male’s sexual cycle (sexually active/not active). This is very important as the males can only produce adequate semen samples during they are in breeding condition. According to the period of semen collection, it is possible to detect if the male is fertile, not fertile or even asynchronic to his female.

Zaehlkammer-VogelspermaEstimation of sperm concentration by examination using microscope and counting chamber

Spermagewinnung-Graupapagei-semen-collection-african-grey Spermauntersuchung-semen-analysis-parrots

Veterinarian Daniel Neumann performing semen collection of an african grey (Psittacus e. erithacus)

Veterinarian Daniel Neumann by semen analysis using computer assisted HD-camera

Artificial insemination

For artificial insemination the semen of the own partner male as well as a sample from another male of the same species can be used, especially when the own partner is infertile or asynchronic in his sexual cycle. Depending on the species, semen quality and duration of transport, the semen of a male from another location and another breeding stock could be used for insemination. Artificial insemination requires a semen sample with adequate quality. This sample can be inseminated in a special time interval into the female’s oviduct. To find this perfect timing, a conversation and coordination between veterinarian and breeder is necessary.

Depending on the clutch size and inseminated semen quality, several inseminations are necessary to fertilize the whole clutch.

Calypdorhyncus-magnificus-banksii Graupapageien-kuenstliche-Befruchtungafircan-greys-artificial-insemination

Artificial insemination is very often the only way to get chicks from imprinted black cockatoos

The world’s first african grey (Psittacus erythacus) resulting from artificial insemination


Kuenstliche-Befruchtung-Kakadu-artificial-insemination-cockatooVeterinarian Heiner Müller performing artificial insemination of a Major Mitchell's Cockatoo using a semen sample collected from the own partner male

The international services of PARROT REPRODUCTION CONSULTING are:

  • reproductive medicine and management
  • flock management
  • Medical health checks and management
  • hand rearing management
  • Endoscopy
  • Assisted reproduction including Semen collection and artificial insemination
  • Quarantine procedures for new birds


Spix's health checks 2012

Spix health checks 2012 Endoskopie Spixara

Team work at the health checks (from left Daniel Neumann, Heiner Müller, Tim Bouts, Cromwell Purchase

Spix health checks 2012 Endoskopie Spixara

On the way to the aviarys

See more Pictures on FACEBOOKLINK Blue macaws AWWP